More About Montessori
When you enter a Montessori Classroom you will notice:
- Students are free to move around the classroom, and may work at a table or on the floor.
- Students are engaged in purposeful play and creative work.
- Students working on their own and in small groups.
- Respectful teacher/child interactions.
- Positive interactions between children.
- Focused attention and concentration with hands-on activities.
- A well maintained and organized environment with multi-sensory learning materials on a variety of topics displayed on the shelves.
- Encouragement of children to find their own deep sense of satisfaction and pride in their work as opposed to an extrinsic reward system.
In her book Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius, Dr. Angelina Lillard hones in on the eight principles of Montessori education that make it so relevant today. These principles follow:
- Movement and cognition: movement and cognition are closely entwined, and movement can enhance thinking and learning;
- Choice: learning and well-being are improved when people have a sense of control over their lives;
- Interest: people learn better when they are interested in what they are learning;
- Extrinsic rewards are avoided: tying extrinsic rewards to an
activity, like money for reading or high grades for tests, negatively
impacts motivation to engage in that activity when the reward is
- Learning from and with peers: collaborative arrangements can be very conducive to learning;
- Learning in context: learning situated in meaningful contexts is often deeper and richer than learning in abstract contexts;
- Teacher ways and child ways: particular forms of adult interaction are associated with more optimal child outcomes; and
- Order in environment and mind: order in the environment is beneficial to children.
Montessori is an Education for Peace
During her lifetime, Maria Montessori spoke passionately of the importance of teaching peace to our children. There are four areas woven throughout the Montessori curriculum that form the basis of Peace Education. These areas are: Self-Awareness, Community Awareness, Environmental Awareness and Cultural Awareness. Developing awareness in these areas supports the growth of children into caring and engaged citizens. Each phase of the child’s development is enriched with experiences in these four areas adapted appropriately for the age level. Students who graduate from Montessori schools have the ability to problem-solve creatively, resolve conflict and act with empathy.
About Maria Montessori
- Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work by E.M. Standing
Maria Montessori on the Montessori Method/Child Development/Peace
- The Discovery of the Child
- The Absorbent Mind
- The Secret of Childhood
- From Childhood to Adolescence
- Education and Peace
- The Montessori Method
Others on Montessori Education
- Our Peaceful Classroom by Aline Wolfe
- Peaceful Children, Peaceful World by Aline Wolfe
- Parents Guide to the Montessori Classroom by Aline Wolfe
- The Montessori Way by Tim Seldin and Paul Epstein
- Montessori in the Classroom by Paula Polk Lillard
- Children of the Universe: Cosmic Education in the Montessori Elementary Classroom by Michael Duffy
- Montessori Play and Learn: A Parents Guide to Purposeful Play from 2-6by Lesley Britton
- Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius by Paula Polk Lillard
- Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life by Marshall B. Rosenberg
- Respectful Parents, Respectful Kids by Hart and Kindle-Hodson
- Parenting With Love by Marshall B. Rosenberg
- Positive Discipline by Jane Nelsen
- Beyond Discipline: From Compliance to Community by Alfie Kohn
- Unconditional Parenting: Moving From Rewards and Punishments to Love and Reason by Alfie Kohn
- The Art of Positive Parenting by Mickey Tobin
- How to Talk So Kids Will Listen by Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish